To some, they’re a fantastic ingredient if you wish to add a little bit of umami—that’s savory-ness—to a meal.
To others, they’re only a bizarre fungus.
It’s true, mushrooms are a fungus. Or somewhat, one thing just like the fruit of a fungus, referred to as mycelium.
There are literally thousands of types of mushrooms, ranging in measurement, form, taste and texture. Some are edible, some should not.
Edible mushrooms have been utilized in each meals and drugs. Typically, most mushrooms are good sources of selenium, B nutritional vitamins, potassium and even small quantities of vitamin D, if uncovered to UV gentle.
Additionally they comprise prebiotic beta-glucans, which feed the intestine flora and strengthen the immune system whereas additionally combating cancers, together with breast most cancers and prostate most cancers.
Edible mushrooms can be found domestically as wild choices, though widespread mushrooms are discovered year-round on the grocery retailer.
Domestically, chances are you’ll discover morels within the spring, chanterelles in mid-summer and porcini within the fall. Worth will differ based mostly on availability.
Mushrooms may also be dried and saved longer for rehydration earlier than cooking.
Earlier than you eat them, wipe mushrooms with a humid fabric to take away any filth—and keep away from rinsing, as it could possibly go away them rubbery. Additionally, you should definitely cook dinner your mushrooms, as many sorts comprise a compound referred to as agaritine, which can be doubtlessly carcinogenic if eaten uncooked.
When incorporating mushrooms into cooking, take the time to discover totally different varieties and observe the assorted flavors and textures.
Even some mushroom-haters could typically discover options they love.
Listed here are just a few mushroom highlights:
White button, cremini and portobello
What do these have in widespread? They’re all the identical mushroom.
White button mushrooms—accounting for 90% of mushrooms within the U.S.—are the newborn of the cremini and portobello mushrooms. These are the most typical and least costly choices on the grocery retailer. They provide a milder taste.
Cremini are button mushrooms—the grown-up selection, additionally referred to as child bellas—with a brown coloration.
Portobellos are essentially the most grown-up model of button mushrooms.
They’re all comparable in vitamin profile and are available fairly excessive in antioxidant rating. With age, they grow to be earthier in taste.
Use them in stir-fries, soups, salads or as a topping for an entree.
Many individuals like to make use of the portobello as a vegetarian burger substitute. It’s nice for matching the feel and taste, nevertheless it’s not fairly a match, because it has a decrease protein content material.
Whereas these look a bit totally different than your common mushroom, they’re a preferred selection for pastas, tarts or different stir-fries. These mushrooms have a extra delicate taste and velvety texture.
This oblong-shaped mushroom has a spongy, honeycomb-looking texture and is extra usually discovered seasonally at a farmer’s market. They’re usually pricier, however price a attempt when you’ll find some.
These golden mushrooms have a peppery and fruity taste. They final a bit longer within the fridge and must be ready with out oil due to their larger moisture content material.
Regardless of their coloration and taste, chanterelles have a decrease antioxidant content material amongst mushrooms. Even so, they comprise handful of nutritional vitamins and minerals.
This mushroom, which has a reddish-brown cap, ranks on the prime in antioxidants. These are comparable in taste to the portobello, with a hearty, nutty taste. They’re widespread in Italian dishes reminiscent of risotto.
Increased in fiber, these mushrooms have a meatier texture and a wealthy, woodsy taste. Take away the stems earlier than cooking and cook dinner into stir-fries, pastas, soups and entrees.
This mushroom has a furry look and has the feel of crab or lobster. As soon as cooked, it may be chewy, tender and juicy.
Put together in a dry saute till water is launched after which add seasonings. Lion’s mane has proven promise in bettering neurocognition and reminiscence by lowering free radicals that may wreak havoc within the mind and enhance the danger of Alzheimer’s illness.